In my research to understand Canadian children’s literature, I learned that Canada only recently began to produce Canadian published literature in the late 20th century. Most of the stories written about Canada during the Victoria period were written by visitors who were traveling and visiting Canada. It was during this time that the image of the Canadian landscape became wildly known as being challenging, daunting, and dangerous. The Canadian landscape is quite different in comparison to the English countryside that is often referenced in literature. The pastoral and greenspace areas hold different meanings and connotations between either country. Canada’s diverse terrain and change in temperature had defined it as rigorous, raw, and only for the most skilled explorers. Whereas, the English countryside is seen as being peaceful, restful, and quiet. However, Canada’s adventure stories were unique as they heavily drew from the Indigenous ways of life. The Indigenous people navigated the mountains, ice, and water by being connected to nature. The concept of the “Canadian explorer” has drawn from many Indigenous skills of how to work the land and survive. The Canadian adventure did not mean battling against the struggles of mother nature but embracing the challenges and becoming attuned to the environment. The foundation of Canadian literature is deeply influenced by the geographical landscape of the country, and its relationship with the Indigenous peoples.